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 Item Date2004-12-13
 TitleStatus of coral reefs of the world: 2004 
 SourceAustralian Institute of Marine Science
 URLhttp://www.aims.gov.au/pages/research/coral-bleaching/scr2004/index.html
 PrecisThe Status of Coral Reefs of the World: 2004 report documents how human activities continue to be the primary cause of the global coral reef crisis. The report details many new initiatives aimed at reversing this degradation such as by conserving the biodiversity, the economic value and beauty of coral reefs. The report recognises that the major stresses to coral reefs are: natural forces that they have coped with for millions of years; direct human pressures, including sediment and nutrient pollution from the land, over-exploitation and damaging fishing practices, engineering modification of shorelines; and the global threats of climate change causing coral bleaching, rising sea levels and potentially threatening the ability of corals to form skeletons in more acid waters. If reefs are to survive as our natural heritage, we need to act locally to reduce direct human impacts and, globally, to combat greenhouse emissions.
"In the humpback fishery of the North Atlantic, whalers preferentially killed cow-calf pairs; although they composed less than 10-20% of the population, 55%-60% of the catch in the West Indies was comprised of such pairs."